In the 11th century., When the city became the capital of ferganskihilekhanov Uzgen, Osh has had great economic and cultural importance in the area. Through Osh ran the ancient trade route from the depths of Central Asia to Eastern Turkestan. From the 16th century. Osh is a center of religious life in Ferghana, thanks to the spread of the legends ascribing the base of the prophet Sulaimanov. The city is large and noisy bazaars, skilled craftsmen, dozens of mosques and madrassas, beautiful dwellings of noble citizens. However, the planning and development of old Osh was typical of medieval towns in Central Asia: the narrow winding streets, numerous dead ends, blind fenced clay duvalami, squalid huts with flat roofs, quarter mosque iwans, monumental madrasas. After the accession of Kyrgyzstan to Russia in the early 80s of the 19th century. south of the old Osh, on a more elevated location, a new city. New Osh began to be rapidly built by Russian settlers. The city has theaters, cinemas and libraries. There are different educational institutions, including higher. Osh is also called the southern capital of Kyrgyzstan. The main attractions are the Osh United History and Cultural Museum, petroglyphs and inscriptions Sulayman, the Ak-Bura Fortress (1-12 cc.), Monuments of architecture: Asaf ibn Burhiya (11-17 cc.) mosque of Ravat-Abdullakhan (17-18 cc.), the mosque Mohammed Yusuf Bayhodzhi-oglu (1909). In Osh, a museum of "The Great Silk Road." Unique exhibits tell about the milestones in the development of the material world of the peoples of the region, from the Stone Age to modern times. Basically - it is the findings of archaeologists, historians, ethnographers. By the city's top attractions include the colorful Asian Osh market - the largest and most famous market in Central Asia.