Bishkek, the capital of the Republic of Kyrgyz. The population of Bishkek is about 1 million. people. Bishkek is located in the center of Chu valley at the foot of the Ala-Too Kyrgyzskogo at an altitude of 700 m - 850 m above sea level. Summer in Bishkek, hot and dry. The temperature in July is sometimes rises to 42 ° C. Average winter temperature is -7 ° C. In winter, the snow cover does not exceed 15 cm Number of sunny days during the year reached 322. Bishkek, the city formed in Pishpek fortress, built in 1825 on an ancient trade route from Central Asia to China at the intersection with Vernen Route. The fortress was built in Tashkent ruler dignitary ModaliLyashkorom Kumbel Kokand Khan, who made an aggressive campaign against the Kirghiz Chu doliny.V 1864 during the march of Russian troops from the city of Verny (Almaty) in Aulie-Ata, under the command of Colonel M.G.Chereneva near the ruins of the fortress Pishpek on the path True-Tashkent was set post-picket. Soon near him settled a few families, and then came little market. In the late 60s of the 19th century. near the ruins of the castle based settlements settlers: Alamedin and Pishpek. Pishpek became chief town of Semirechensk Turkestan province of Russia. In 1878, the Governor-General G.A.Kolpakovskim was approved master plan for the city.
The plan was laid a rectangular system of streets, more advanced, compared with a medieval layout that existed in the cities of Central Asia. Also in 1878 was a breakdown of the streets, neighborhoods, squares. It was the first city in Kyrgyzstan, the European type. Now Bishkek - a modern, comfortable city with wide streets, beautiful parks, fountains and gardens. In the town - a lot of museums. The largest of these are the Kirghiz State Historical Museum, National Museum of Fine Arts and other cultural center of Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, there are several theaters, a philharmonic society, circus. Guests can stay at hotels in the European level and in small private hotels.