Osh city and administrative center of Osh region and the second largest city in the country. The city is located on the eastern Fergana Valley, at an altitude of 1000 m above sea level. On three sides of Osh is surrounded by hills and low rocky spurs of Alay Range. One of the spurs in the form of cliffs over 100 m high towers in the city center and is named Sulayman. The city is divided into two parts, rugged mountain river Ak-Bura. The capital of Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek, Osh is connected to the airline and the high-motorway 600 kilometers long. The climate is continental, Osh. Summers are hot and dry. The average July temperature is 26 ° C. The absolute summer maximum temperature reaches 42 ° C. Winter is not stable, warm and humid. The average January temperature -14-4 degrees. Celsius. Osh is one of the oldest cities in Central Asia. In 2000 Osh has celebrated his birthday three thousand years. Osh was mentioned in Arabic sources 9. From ancient Osh almost nothing. According to archaeologists, Osh in antiquity was walled, had three gates, inside the citadel, surrounded by shahristan. The cathedral was a mosque near the bazaar, close to the Ak-Bura River.